Endometriosis is an implantation and growth of endometrial [uterine lining] tissue outside of the uterus, which can result in a variety of problems, including pelvic pain, subfertility, depending on its location and extent.
One of the most challenging health conditions, endometriosis affects over 10 million women in the United States alone. It is one of the leading causes of pelvic pain and infertility. Though there are many effective treatments, there is no known cure for this disease.
A very small fiberoptic scope [5mm in diameter] called a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen below the umbilicus, to look for endometriosis, scarring, adhesions, ovarian mass, fibroids and other pelvic diseases.
This procedure can be performed under general anesthesia, and the patient normally goes home two hours following the completion of this procedure.